Neve lue rue Marmar sins incurrere in pleores !
Satur fu, fere Mars! Limen sali, sta berber !
Mars will not let dissolution and destruction fall upon the people!
Be satisfied, wild Mars! Jump the border, take a stand!
Son of Zeus and Hera and brother of Athena, Ares is hated by the other gods and goddesses because he represents violence and disorder. His name can be traced to the Greek airô, meaning "to kill, to take away life" or ara, signifying "destruction, revenge.” He merges with war itself, never hesitating to brave the battlefield and fight like a mere mortal.
In Greek mythology, Ares is continuously defeated; he is even wounded by Diomedes during the Trojan War under the influence of Athena. Ares has never been widely revered by the Greeks, although temples in his honor can be found in northern Greece. He remains seen as being, despite the controversy, the father of all brave warriors.
In Rome, Ares becomes Mars and assumes a greater importance. As the central figure of Roman religion, as well as being the father of Romulus and Remus (the founders of Rome itself), Mars is honored by all legions, not just his own. Mars is a central deity in Roman religion, and he embodies the warrior function and the rage within the melee. All that leads up to battle does not interest or concern him, for battle strategy is Minerva’s domain. He is part of the Roman pre-capitoline triad alongside Jupiter and Quirinus, context in which he embodies both combat and protection of the soil (and therefore an association with the vegetative cycle and the four seasons). This is why the warlike character of Mars also contains an agrarian dimension, reinforced by the necessity of an army to keep pace with the changing seasons. Mars is honored during many different Roman celebrations. Today, the French language is marked by the influence of this god. For example, the word for Tuesday (mardi, from the Latin, martis dies) is the day of the week dedicated to him.
This engraving pays homage to this Ancient Greco-Roman deity, and furthermore to the ancient religion that influenced the lives of our ancestors and the legions who conquered and maintained the Roman Empire for over 500 years. A true and intangible heritage, ancient mythology is one of the foundations of European and Mediterranean culture, the latter of which has witnessed countless reinterpretations of Indo-European, Egyptian and even Indian mythology (according to researchers such as Georges Dumézil). We strive to pay homage to the beliefs of ancient generations by creating new images of their gods, heroes and fantastic creatures.